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Heart & Blood Pressure

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Heart and Blood Pressure

The heart is a muscular organ of our body located behind the chest bone slightly to the left. It weighs about one pound. The heart pumps 7.5 liters of blood per min throughout the body. A normal sinus rhythm or number of beats per minute of a healthy heart is 60 to 100. The heart starts to beat at a faster rate while doing any heavy exercise.

High blood pressure or hypertension:

The force or pressure of blood circulation against the walls of blood vessels is termed as blood pressure. Hypertension is the state where the pressure in the arteries increases than normal.

Two numbers are used to measure blood pressure. Below 120/80 mm Hg (read as 120 over 80) is the normal BP of a healthy heart.

In the measurement of blood pressure, the first number is called systolic blood pressure i.e. pressure on your arteries when your heartbeats. And, the second number is diastolic i.e. pressure between the beats.

Prehypertension is a state where your blood pressure is between 120/80 mm Hg to 138/89 mm Hg. In high blood pressure your heart’s pressure increase up to or more than 140/90 mm Hg. High blood pressure is a very serious condition as it does not show any signs and symptoms and is also non-curable. Although, it can be managed with proper heart medications and improvement in lifestyle.

Causes:

The exact cause of hypertension is still unknown but there are few factors that can increase the risk of high BP in a person:

  • Obesity
  • Too much intake of alcohol
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Too much extra salt in your diet
  • Laziness
  • Mental stress
  • Aging
  • Genetic effect
  • Diabetes
  • Extra fat intake
  • Thyroid disorder
  • Improper sleep

These problems can increase the probability of getting high blood pressure and thus these are needed to be taken care of.

Symptoms:

High blood pressure is a silent killer. Its symptoms are not notice able until it reaches a very high level of about 180/110 mm Hg. So, it is very important to go for regular checkups so that any symptom of high BP can be cured in time

Listed below are some symptoms of high blood pressure:

  • Palpitations
  • Nausea
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Vision issues
  • Vomiting
  • Vertigo
  • Headache

Adverse effects of high blood pressure:

High blood pressure can result in various other heart issues. Here are listed some common adverse effects of hypertension:

  • Pain in chest
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Kidney failure
  • Heart failure
  • Peripheral vascular disease

Prevention techniques:

It is very easy to prevent high BP. But it is important to prevent the factors that cause an increase in hypertension.

Making some changes in your lifestyle can easily prevent high BP. You can make the following changes to improve heart health:

  • Reduce extra fats from your body
  • Maintain your diet
  • Reduce the intake of salt
  • Exercise regularly
  • Keep an eye on your blood pressure

Blood pressure and heart medication:

Some blood pressure medicines that can help you to treat hypertension are:

  • Amlopres
  • Ciplar
  • Sorbitrate
  • Aldactone
  • Enapril
  • Cipril etc.

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Myths and facts:

Myth: If someone has a family history of high blood pressure then that person has a very high chance of getting the disease.

Fact:  It is true that high blood pressure is genetic but it can easily be controlled with proper diet and regular exercise.

Myth: As wine is good for health, consuming it in large amount will protect you from high BP

Fact: Anything in large amounts is never good for health. So it is important to avoid the consumption of alcohol in any form. Too much wine can increase hypertension resulting in heart failure.

Diagnosis:

A sphygmomanometer is a device used to measure BP. Your doctor will take several readings to diagnose the presence of high blood pressure. A few other tests like urine test, blood test, ECG, Holter monitoring, physical stress test, etc are also performed to confirm high blood pressure.

Treatment

Treatment for heart disease and blood pressure medicines are as follows:

  • To relax the muscles of arteries and get a smoother flow of blood, calcium drugs like Nifedipine and Amlodipine is used.
  • To restrict the release of arteries contracting chemicals, Benazepril and Quinapril are used.
  • For the relaxation of blood vessels, Lovastatin and Atorvastatin (Angiotensin II receptors) are also used.
  • To reduce heart load, Atenolol and Timolol beta-blockers are used. It reduces arteries’ contraction and slows down the heartbeat. These medicines are known to be the best high blood pressure treatment.
  • Hydrochlorothiazide diuretics are used to increase sodium and water outflow and reduce blood volume.
  • To reduce high cholesterol and decrease the formation of plaque in arteries, hypolipidemic medicines like, Fenofibrate and Ezetimibe are used.
  • Aliskiren is used to decrease the production of rennin enzyme and decreases BP level.

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Healthy lifestyle rules for BP patients:

Adapting a healthy lifestyle is key to a healthy heart. If you are on a healthy diet and regular exercise you can conquer over your heart and blood pressure diseases. With a proper lifestyle, you will not need to take high blood pressure medications.

  • Maintain your weight: overweight is one of the causes of the increase in BP. Maintaining your weight and decreasing the waistline can reduce the risk of heart issues.
  • Physical activity: Do some exercise daily to keep your heart healing and body disease-free.
  • Eat healthy, stay healthy: Foods like green vegetables, fruits, potassium-rich diet, and dairy products will help you become healthy.
  • Consume less sodium: limit the intake of sodium to 2300 mg per day. People with dark skin complexion or people over 51 years of age should limit salt to 1500 mg or less per day.
  • Stay away from stress: Stress and anxiety trigger blood pressure. Find the cause of your stress and try to overcome it. If needed, take the help of people you are close to.

Important things to know:

  1. Avoid drinking alcohol as much as you can
  2. Reduce the intake of tobacco and cigarettes
  3. Avoid drinking caffeine
  4. Regularly monitor your BP and visit your doctor
  5. Don’t forget to do some physical exercise daily